Jiu Jitsu syllabus for adults consists of ten exercises, (techniques,) practised from eight
different attack postures. Thus there are eight forms increasing with skill level and
difficulty from red to black belt status, but based on the same ten exercises. As the
student progresses these exercises do become techniques and higher grades also begin
to learn defence from random attacks and more sophisticated techniques not specifically
in the form syllabus. This makes it a freestyle.

As the student becomes more adept in basic posture, attack and defence methods so
their ability to effectively apply the techniques learned also increases and the student
becomes more skilful and practised in the art of self defence. Students learn how to fall
without injury from many different types of take-down and throw. They learn how to apply
take-downs and throws. They learn how to block strikes, and how to deliver them, from
hands, elbows, knees and feet as well as the application of pressure to certain weak
points on the body. They learn how to lock partners’ limbs and how to immobilise the
body on the ground.